Evolution of dogs

Hey wondering how did the evolution of dogs happen? And how did the dogs eventually evolve, then this article would help you know better.

All breeds of dog originate from a common ancestor known as the gray wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) through which the evolution of dogs began even though they look completely different from one another in terms of size, shape, and color. Later on, people domesticated then bred them for different traits over time.

How did dog breeds evolve?

Well as we know now dogs are part of wolves but perhaps in a loose category until about 15000 years ago when our ancestors eventually began to tame them and also control and manage them according to their advantage. As the years passed by they bred them and also started spreading all across from place to place they also used to feed them as they were their companion and eventually as other wolf descendants died out then dogs turned into a new species.

What was the first breed of dog?

According to a genomic analysis of up to 161 dog breeds and also a scientific study that compared the origin of dog breeds it is believed that the dog breed named Basenji is one of the oldest dog breeds. It has also been proven by the researchers that Basenji used to hunt prey by tracking them down and it is estimated that they originated in a continent from Africa.

When did evolution begin?

Well as we know by now that dear buddies evolved from the population of wolves it is likely to be said that the evolution began between 20000 and 40000 years ago i.e they were domesticated by humans approximately during that time. And also according to the research led by Krishna Veeramah at Stony Brook University suggests that dogs of our time probably descended from just one population that was continuously living in Europe for millennia.

Closest Relative of the ancestor wolf. 

Wondering what are the dogs that appear closest to their wolf ancestors well then they are Shiba Inu, chow chow, Akita and the Alaskan malamute, however, this is not the exact results as the research was done on just 85 breeds, results may vary after understanding and conducting research on other breeds.

why did people domesticated dog?

During the hunting period wolfs had to constantly look for prey to survive so did the humans eventually the battle for survival was so tough that there were not enough preys for either of them to be satisfied but humans did manage to get enough so eventually wolfs would try to attack humans and possibly get a share, but the aggression level amongst all these wolves was different, humans figured this out and let some of them enter their space and they slowly began to hunt as a team slowly with time humans evolved grey wolves and hence the evolution of dogs and today dogs are known as humans best friend

Evolution of dog breed chart.


Evolution of dogs was a long process indeed as they were bred for specific tasks differently, some dogs could even be traced back to dogs like Golden Retrievers, Irish Setters, and other dogs were traced back to Victorian England. As time went by these breeds were termed and considered as the huntsman’s retriever, a friend, a helper, and a good companion.

Having said all these facts about dogs we humans still are not completely aware of dogs there are still certain aspects of them that we don’t know, we might have an idea now that how early humans domesticated gray wolves and how the evolution of dogs took place and how humans bred them into different dog breeds that we see today but still, there are certain qualities of a dog that we are still unaware of.


Evolution of dogs infographic.

Another interesting fact of dogs that I bet you were not aware of, according to the researchers we will learn the origin of all the diseases that the modern-day dog goes through and this might also help humans eventually as diseases that affect dogs most of them also affects humans and also how they overcome those might be a help for us in the future.

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